METHOD AND THEORY IN LITHIC TECHNOLOGY
GRADUATE SEMINAR, ANTH 228
Department of Anthropology
University of California, Berkeley
Tuesday 10-12, Rm. 16, Hearst Gym
Office: Kroeber #29, 643-1193, x-3; email@example.com
Office Hours: Th:1-3, and by appt.
Side-notched projectile points produced by Ishi at the Museum
Obsidian marekanites, flakes and projectile points from Late Classic Tonto Basin, Arizona sites
Seminar level overview of current method and theory in lithic technology. The geographic focus will be worldwide, although the emphasis will be topical. Major topics of discussion will include archaeometric methods in the service of lithic technology (NAA, XRF in raw material studies; ESEM in utilization studies; optical petrography), procurement and production, debitage analysis, style, ethnicity and gender studies, experimental technology (replication studies), use-wear studies, ethnoarchaeology, analytical and laboratory methods; critical examination of various theoretical approaches to stone tool analysis. Additional class time outside of class (depending on weather) will be devoted to flintknapping practice including replication, and an examination of the obsidian debitage and Archaic projectile points from McEuen Cave (AZ W:13:6 ASM), a hunter-gatherer to farmer transition rockshelter site in southeastern Arizona.
Weekly reading on topics will provide the basis for seminar discussion. All students are expected to read assigned material and participate in discussions. Recommended texts: Andrefsky, W. (1998) "Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis" and Whittaker, J. (1994) "Flintknapping".
Graduate students only. Classroom participation and a research paper. No exams. Research paper should focus on one or more of the topics discussed in class, an ongoing project, or the analysis of a portion of the McEuen Cave assemblage.
One or more students will be required to guide the discussion each week drawing on assigned readings, with the possible addition of one or two more readings of your choice. These students are responsible for providing copies of all readings, and making them available at a pre-arranged location. Many of the readings will be in reserved books in the Anthro library.
Those without knapping gear may purchase a tool kit plus moose antler billet from Great Lakes Lithics (www.greatlakeslithics.com), 888-316-4667, 3168 W. Shore Dr., Battle Creek, MI 49017. Frank Stevens will give us a good price. Order the beginner kit, plus a small finished antler billet, and tell him you’re taking this class. This tool kit will last many years. Price approximately $50.00. I also recommend that you carry a 10x hand lens.
CALENDAR (subject to revision) ANTH 228
DATE SUBJECT (reading list for the week is hot linked to PDF files)
August 28 Introduction - General discussion, course structure
September 4 Archaeometry and Lithic Technology - Shackley
September 11 Procurement, production and processing
September 18 Ethnology and ethnoarchaeology
September 25 Debitage and bipolar production
October 2 Analytical/laboratory strategies
October 9 Lab Day - Lab examination of McEuen Cave debitage
October 16 Experimental technology (replication studies)
October 23 Use wear/heat treatment
October 30 Style, ethnicity and cultural identity
November 6 Lab Day - Projectile point analysis in lab
November 13 Typology versus attribute analysis (Old versus New World approaches)
November 20 Gender, cognitive and post-processual approaches and the 21st Century
December 4 RESEARCH TIME FOR PAPERS OR PROJECTS
RESEARCH/PROJECT PAPERS DUE!: 103 Kroeber Hall, 4 pm, or 232 Kroeber Hall by 5 pm.
(available at the PAHMA store and
A metric scheme for Southwest Archaic projectile points (from Shackley 1990).